PanOcean offers our customers the advantage of having the fastest, most safe transportation through the thorough observation of IMDG Code regulation.
Definition of Dangerous Good
Materials and goods are defined as hazardous can damage to people, ship and cargo which contain the nature, characteristics of explosiveness and inflammability, toxicity, corrosiveness, radioactivity, virus, pollution.
And their nature, characteristics, or their state which contain a component of hazardous and corrosive, toxic.
① Class 1. Explosive
② Class 2. Compressed Gas,
③ Class 3. Inflammable Liquid
④ Class 4.Combustible Solid
⑤ Class 5.Oxidizing Substances,
⑥ Class 6. Poisonous Substances,
⑦ Class 7.Radioactive Material,
⑧ Class 8. Corrosive,
⑨ Class 9. Hazardous Substances.
Packing of Dangerous cargo
All Dangerous cargo should be packed with regulated packing by IMDG Code regulation, it will be rejected if it's not specified in IMDG code.
Marking of Packing
Improper Packaging and Accident cases
- Packaging information should be marked on the surface of goods.
- All packing should be marked Mark on the surface.
Dangerous cargo shopping procedure
Providing the information of Dangerous cargo
Customer should provide the following information for the safe transportation of Dangerous cargo handling.
Dangerous cargo Application [SAMPLE]
VVD:YMAN 041E(YM ANTWERP 041E)
EQ Type/Size:22GP * 1
Net weight / Kgs:21600
Gross Weight / Kgs:23148
Proper Shipping Name:TOXIC SOLID,ORGANIC,N.O.S.
Packing Type: Outer packing:72 X DRUMS, STEEL, NON-REMOVABLE HEAD (1A1)
Inner packing :GLASS
Emergency Contact Point:XU 86-13564656573
Shipper should provide the relevant Dangerous cargo application to PanOcean office at least (3) working days in advance prior to vessel's arrival at the loading port.
PanOcean DG desk will give customer the confirmation within (1) day for the duly submitted Dangerous cargo application.
For the approved Dangerous cargo, shipper should provide the following documents to PanOcean office
Declaration of Dangerous Goods, Container Packing Certificate regulated by IMDG Code regulation.
LABEL & PLACARD
A proper label & placard according to IMDG Code should be attached on the surface of DG container, specially Subsidiary Risk and Limited Quantity Label and Placard should be attached.
Dangerous cargo Classification
DG cargo classification and Label & Placard
Dangerous cargos classified according to IMDG Cod. Here we introduce IMDG Code classification for customer's reference.
Class 1 Explosives
The goods of Class 1 is purposed to manufacture explosive goods, material. The goods of Class1 are classified to 6 level and most Port Authority request a prior consent and approval regarding local port regulation and restriction.
Class 1.1 Substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard
Class 1.2 Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but a mass explosion hazardClass 1.3 Class 1.4
Class 2 Gases
The goods of Class 2 is consist of three class as flammable gases, non-flammable, non-toxic gases, toxic gases.
Class 2.1 flammable gases : 20C at a standard pressure of 101.3kPa
Class 2.2 non-flammable gases : 20C at a vapour pressure greater than 280kPa
Class 2.3 toxic gases : toxic(lower than LC50 : 5,000㎖/㎥
Class 3 flammable liquids
Class 3 includes the substances "Flammable liquids", "Liquid desensitized explosives".
Flammable liquids are liquids, or mixtures of liquids, or liquids containing solids in solution or suspension(such as paints, varnishes, lacquers, etc., but not including substances which, on account of their other dangerous characteristics, have been included in other classes) which give off a flammable vapour at or below 60C closed-cup test (corresponding to 65.6C open-cup test), normally referred to as the "flashpoint".
Liquid desensitized explosives are explosive substances which are dissolved or suspended in water or other liquid substances, to form a homogenous liquid mixture to suppress their explosive properties. Entries in the dangerous Goods list for liquid desensitized explosives are UN 1204, UN 2059, UN 3064, UN 3343, UN 3357 and UN 3379.
The flashpoint of a flammable liquid is the lowest temperature of the liquid at which its vapour forms an ignitable mixture with air. It gives a measure of the risk of formation of explosive or ignitable mixtures when the liquid escapes from its packing. A flammable liquid cannot be ignited so long as its temperature remains below the flashpoint.
The classified of Class 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 have been amended to combine as a Class 3 valid from IMDG Code amendment 30-00.
Class 4 Flammable solids
Class 4 deals with substances, other than those classified as explosives, which, under conditions of transport, are readily combustible or may cause or contribute to a fire.
Class 4.1 Flammable solids : Solids which, under conditions encountered in transport, are readily combustible or may cause or contribute to fire through friction; self-reactive substances (solids and liquids) which are liable to undergo a strongly exothermic reaction; solid desensitized explosives which may explode if not diluted sufficiently.
Class 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion : Substances (solids and liquids) which are liable to spontaneous heating under normal conditions encountered in transport, or to heating up in contact with air, and being then liable to catch fire.
Class 4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases : Substances (solid and liquids) which, by interaction with water, are liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable gases in dangerous quantities.
Self-reactive substances are thermally unstable substances liable to undergo a strongly exothermic decomposition even without participation of oxygen (air).
Pyrophoric substances, which are substances, including mixtures and solutions (liquid or solid), which, even in small quantities, ignite within 5 minutes of coming into contact with air.
Self-heating substances, which are substances, other than pyrophoric substances, which, in contact with aire without energy supply, are liable to self-heating.
Class 5 oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
Class 5 is divided into two "Oxidizing substances" and "Organic oeroxides".
Class 5.1 Oxidizing substances : Substances of class 5.1 in certain circumstances directly or indirectly evolve oxygen.
Class 5.2 Organic peroxides : Substances are liable to exothermic decomposition at normal or elevated termperatures.
Class 6 Toxic and infectious substances
Class 6.1 Toxic substances : The dangerous of poisoning which are inherent in these substances depend upon contact with the human body, that is by inhalation of vapours by unsuspecting persons at some distance from the cargo or the immediate dangers of physical contact with the substances.
Class 6.2 Infectious substances : Infectious substances are substances which are known or are reasonably expected to contain pathogens.
Pathogens are defined as micro-organisms (including bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, parasites, fungi) and other agents such as prions, which can cause disease in humans or animals.
Class 8 Corrosive substances
Radioactive material means any material containing radionuclides where both the activity concentration and the total activity in the consignment exceed the values specified in 18.104.22.168.1 to 22.214.171.124.6
Class 8 substances (corrosive substances) means substances which, by chemical action, will cause severe damage when in contact with living tissue or, in the case of leakage, will materially damage, or even destroy, other goods or the means of transport.
Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
Class 9 substances and articles not covered by other classes which experience has shown, or may show, to be of such a dangerous character that the provisions of part A of chapter VII of SOLAS 1974, as amended, shall apply.
Substances not subject to the provisions of part A in chapter VII of the aforementioned Convention, but to which the provisions of Annex III of MARPOL 73/78, as amended, apply.
Other Label & Placard
[Shipping Line's Restriction / Prohibition list]
Please refer to the attached shipping line's restriction / prohibition list.